Many different kinds of verbal, physical, nonverbal or visual conduct of a sexual nature may be sexual harassment. It could be a manager, co-worker, or even a non-employee like a client, contractor, or vendor. Sundowner Offshore Services set the precedent for same-sex harassment, and sexual harassment without motivation of "sexual desire", stating that any discrimination based on sex is actionable so long as it places the victim in an objectively disadvantageous working condition, regardless of the gender of either the victim, or the harasser. The influence of hegemonic male role norms and masculine gender role stress".
Almost 16 years after the Supreme Court's landmark guidelines on prevention of sexual harassment in the workplace known as the " Vishaka Guidelines "the Act has endorsed many of the guidelines, and is a step towards codifying gender equality.